U.S.Economy & Financial Markets

U.S.Economy & Financial Markets

Padmini Arhant

The Federal Reserve preparation to hike interest rates in December 2018 in consideration of historic lower unemployment and GDP forecasts is received cautiously with financial markets reaction to United States and China trade war alongside unnecessary economic sanctions against Iran and Venezuela having drastic impact on global economy.

The Federal Reserve move on gradual rate increase to maintain inflation at current 2 percent bearing low unemployment is a step focused on limited factors such as job and GDP data. However, the fact of the matter is there are other aspects with potential reverse outcome on Federal Reserve’s action to interest rates hike that merits attention.

On the job status, the unemployment figures might be impressively low. Nonetheless, the cash flow in the economy is still lagging in small and medium businesses and other areas of the economy involving direct consumer purchase such as the housing market and automobile industry.

In general, the consumer spending is fairly weak and reflected in retail industry poor performance with many brick and mortar stores struggling to survive in the anemic retail business. The retail figures at the end of holiday season this year will further indicate the condition one way or another. The conventional retail chains and big stores are facing tough competition from e-commerce with online giant like Amazon forcing  shutdowns on major retail stores unable to compete effectively given the popularity and convenience of online marketing.

The e-trade is a big challenge to standard retail business and that in a way controlling inflation on many goods and services in the market. Again, the purchasing power among majority of consumers in the middle and lower incomes category is static and even remain below the expected level despite low unemployment in the economy. One of the reasons behind this sluggish consumer spending is lack of fair income distribution.

Although the job market might appear to be favorable, the buying power among consumers on big budget items like home and cars as well as other essentials are nowhere near  anticipated market share with significant impact on construction industry and manufacturing sector.

On the international front, United States administration policy towards Iran and Venezuela is triggering currency devaluation in emerging economies like India and developing nations such as Pakistan, Turkey and countries in Latin America dependent on crude oil imports from overseas. The U.S. dollar pegged to oil trade, the strengthening of U.S. currency is mainly associated with global transactions in dollar and the alternative being euro depleting foreign currency reserves for most nations worldwide.

European economy barring Germany, Norway and few Nordic states are yet to recover from recession started back in 2007 and experienced until now. Many EU members like PIGS ( Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece and Spain) along with Eastern European EU states are not relieved from economic crisis and barely able to meet financial obligations amid EU enforced austerity contributing to depressed economic growth and development.

The debt saddled nations are driven towards debt servicing to enrich international monetary authorities and prominent bankers profiteering on the extraordinary debt burden of these countries confronted with liquidity crunch creating the dilemma of debt trap causing economic downturns for nations in this situation.

In the given scenario, euro as the optional trading currency is superficial posing needless strain on global economic activities especially in the backdrop of fragile European economy and United States politically motivated sanctions against Iran and Venezuela compounding the problems on the energy demands and supply chain for nations like India and China with massive energy consumption to fuel the economy. The other efforts in this context such as raising OPEC output to deal with United States sanctions on Iran and Venezuela do not satisfy market requirement that are already felt with unaffordable fuel prices in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and many parts of the world.

United States and Europe would be ultimately affected as the western multinational corporations are predominantly benefiting from global presence and operations right from production to sales, distribution and service  in many industries invariably exposed to common energy and economic issues striking the consumer base in Asia and other regions instrumental in boosting global economic progress.

The global economic regression is directly related to these unwanted events with immediate repercussions on allies and those behind the strategy. China trade war is another dimension with United States having granted the former MOST FAVORED NATION (MFN) status and many United States companies involved in manufacturing goods from China that are not only available in America but also in the global markets. China has long been the world’s central exporter and wholesaler with businesses from far and wide ignoring labor exploitation in addition to normal employment and environment violations in the profit-oriented system. As such, China’s reciprocation to U.S. actions are not without consequences for both economies engaged in mutual trade warfare.

Accordingly, discernment on decisions against China, Iran and Venezuela from the U.S. administration under President Donald Trump is critical to save the economy from possible meltdown in the aftermath of global economic decline that are visible in the wake of current account deficits among many nations trying to maneuver the difficult predicament of survival and resolution to impending economic woes generating anxiety in the global domain.

As for the Federal Reserve resolve to move forward on the overnight federal funds rates over the next year and beyond from the present 2 and 2.5 percent to about 3.4 percent to contain inflation at 2 percent would predictably slow the positive economic trend hurting prospects in the already suppressed housing market and retail sales as highlighted above.

The macroeconomic forecasts on United States GDP for third quarter at 3.7 percent and 2.6 percent for fourth quarter with the Federal Reserve revision showing higher growth figures based on the latest tax cuts and government spending prompting Federal Reserve position on premature rate increase neglect stagnancy in ordinary household income.

The mere job growth in the absence of affordable living standards confirm income disparity. The per capita average net income and cash flow determining consumer price index and inflation is trailing behind projections and proposed changes to rates could wipe the gains realized in the recession free economic span in the past decade until now.

In a nutshell, the exponential rise in minimum wage and average income i.e. per capita income in correlation with GDP is important besides minimizing joblessness in the economy prior to addressing inflation alone in the macro and micro economic management.

Thank you.

Padmini Arhant
























India – Farmers and Workers Rally – Tribute to Major Workforce

Indian Farmers & Workers Plight (Hindi)

India – Farmers and Workers Rally

Padmini Arhant

This video is about Indian Farmers & Workers Plight. The farmers world over are confronted with powerful corporate and political complicity in depriving farmers due recognition and revenue for their tremendous contribution to humanity and life.

The outrageous response from governments at corporations behest for example Monsanto – manufacturer as well as distributor of GMO and chemical pesticide aimed at killing pests on the fields instead claiming farmers lives and livelihoods in many parts of the world. The lack of accountability in this regard are responsible for distress in agriculture economy. The multinational corporations wielding power over governments in agro-based economies are legitimate concerns considering the exploitation of farmers and excoriation of earth deriving mega profits at farmers and world population expense only to benefit the 1% reining control over any industry.

The agriculture in particular targeting farmers leave them with no choice except for tragic ending with many committing suicide and treated as mere statistics by governments such as in India.

Indian governments regardless of political parties in power have granted unfettered access with no checks and balances to Indian merchants and multinational corporations (MNC) like Monsanto and several others to prey on farmers under Foreign Direct Investments in India.

Indian farmers have been completely neglected by the governments in the state and national level. To make matters worse both BJP under Prime Minister Narendra Modi and previously Sonia Gandhi led Congress have systematically seized land from farmers to aid their political donors and campaign financiers – i.e. the industrialists in India and foreign companies eyeing on coal and minerals mining industry resulting in explosive and embarrassing political scandals that cost their re-election.

Indian farmers grievance was taken to streets following prolonged struggles with no positive actions or policies from governments alternating power in New Delhi and States nationwide. The latest reaction from PM Narendra Modi government barring farmers entry to the capital – New Delhi deploying brute force and aggressive tactics witnessed in New Delhi on Oct 2nd, 2018 is reprehensible.

Farmers worldwide are the providers of food as they toil in the fields weathering harsh conditions to feed the global population. The governments could no longer ignore farmers problems as that would lead to serious catastrophe for life in general.

Farmers and similarly the labor force enabling businesses and industries to exist and thrive deserve to be heard and their issues resolved peacefully for global sustenance.

Any government exercising brazen means to quell farmers and workers peaceful and non-violent dissent are declaring the system is not democratic. Those who rely on violence to resist reasonable demands from farmers and workers are creating huge barriers in dialogue and reconciliation that could ultimately eject them from power.

Indian political parties at the center and states are hurting themselves in violating farmers and workers constitutional rights to meet with government to alleviate chronic crises. The government has the legislative and constitutional duty per oath to serve all citizens including farmers and workers rather than entirely spending their term in office to enhance industrialists and celebrities interests in society. 

Padmini Arhant

Author & Presenter PadminiArhant.com


भारत – किसान और मज़दूर रैली

पद्मिनी अर्हन्त

आज का विषय है – भारत के सबसे मुख्य जन गण – कृषि और मज़दूर – दोनों देश के भोज उठाने वाले जिससे देश वासी और उद्योग क्षेत्र जीवित हैं |

राजनीति के सभी दल अब तक अगर कृषि अर्थव्यवस्था यानि एग्रीकल्चर इकॉनमी (Agriculture Economy) को जब आप उद्योगपतियों के साथ किसानों की तुलना करते हैं तो वे किसानों के प्रति सौतेला व्यवहार करते आये हैं | जिससे कोई पक्ष असहमत नहीं हो सकते | भारत के ७१ वर्ष की नाम के वास्ते स्वंतत्रता में, राजनीति यानी कोई भी सरकार को लिया जाये, वे सभी किसान और मज़दूरों के साथ बुरा सुलूक करते आये हैं | उनकी समस्या हल करने के बदले उन्हें उपेक्षा किये जैसे देश के लिए वे उपयोग नहीं हो, जो वास्तव से विपरीत है |

किसानों की संकट दूर करने के बजाय, उनके दुःख बढ़ादिए| पहले किसानों से उनके खेती ज़मीन छीनकर उद्योगपतियों को सस्ते में सौंपदिये ताकि उद्योग पति उससे माला माल हो सके और उनमें से कुछ पैसे उद्योगपति चुनाव में राजनीति के उम्मीदवार पे खर्च करते हैं ताकि उन्हें बाद में उनकी काम आ जाये |

दूसरी बात किसानों के क़र्ज़ की व्यवस्था नहीं की गयी | इसके कारण देश के हर एक कोने से किसान अपने क़र्ज़ में डूबे हुऐ, आत्म हत्या कर बैठे हैं, जिसके जिम्मेदार राजनीति के केंद्रीय, राज्य सरकार और विपक्ष हैं | यही बात जब उद्योगपति की आती है, तब राजनीती उनकेलिये हाथ जोड़कर उनकी सेवा में लगे रहते हैं | यहां तक कि, कई उद्योगपति जिनका गहरा सम्बन्ध पूरे राजनीत्ति यानी सभी दल से है, उन्हें देश से फरार होने देते हैं, देश को करोड़ों में नुक्सान पहुंचाकर यह उद्योगपति विदेशों में ऐश कर रहे हैं |

तीसरी बात किसानों को फसल के लिए जो दाम देना चाहिये, वो नहीं मिलता | उस वजय से किसानों को अपनी और से क़र्ज़ उठाना पड़ता है खेती बाड़ी के लिए और खेती से जुड़े हुऐ काम और साधन को भी मिलाकर किसानों को पैसों की बंदोबस्त करना पड़ता है, हालां की ऐसी समस्यावों के लिए देश में ग्रामीन बैंक होना चाहिये या देश के जितने भी बैंक हैं, उन्हें कृषि कार्य के लिए कम ब्याज में किसानों कि मदत के लिए अलग प्रबंध होने से किसान की संकट कम होगी |

ऐसे कई मुद्दे को लेकर किसान बिलकुल अकेले होगये हैं, जब की सर्कार को कृषि उद्पादन को बढ़ाने में और किसानों की सहायता के लिए कई प्रकार के योजनाएं और कार्यक्रम की आवश्यकता है | लगता है किसान जिस स्वामीनाथन रिपोर्ट की बात कर रहे हैं, उस मैं किसानों की हित में निर्णय किया हुआ कई विषय है जिसे किसान चाहते हैं की वो सब लागू हो |

उसके पश्चात, किसानों की तत्कालीन मांगें जितने भी वो वर्तमान समय को ध्यान में रखते हुऐ सरकार के सामने लाये हैं जो यहाँ पर प्रस्तुत है, वो सब तुरंत सम्मान करनी चाहिए ताकि देश की अनाज और धान्यबीज वगैरा की उद्पादन बढ़ सके और किसानों को भी राहत मिले |

देश के सभी किसानों के कर्ज माफ़ हो | किसानों को बिजली मुफ्त दी जाए | कृषि यंत्रों को जीएसटी में छूट दी जाए | ६० वर्ष से अधिक उम्र के किसानों को पेंशन दी जाए | प्रधानमंत्री बीमा योजना में बदलाव किया जाए | किसानों को मनरेगा से जोड़ा जाए | स्वामीनाथन आयोग की रिपोर्ट लागू की जाए |

स्वामीनाथन आयोग की रिपोर्ट के अनुसार – फसल उत्पादन मूल्य से ५०% ज़्यादा दाम किसानों को मिले | अच्छी क्वालिटी के बीज कम दामों में मुहैया कराए जाएं | किसानों की मदद के लिए गावं ज्ञान केंद्र बनाया जाए | महिला किसानों के लिए किसान क्रेडिट कार्ड जारी किए जाएं | किसानों के लिए कृषि जोखिम फंड बनाया जाए, ताकि प्राकृतिक आपदाओं के आने पर किसानों को मदद मिले |

यह रही किसानों की और से निवेदन सर्कार की तरफ जिसके बदले उन पर पानी के गोले, आंसू गैस और लाठी बरसाए गए और वो भी महात्मा गाँधी के १५० साल गिरा पर, देश को याद दिलाने कि जिन्हें भारत बापू के नाम से जानते हैं और जो अहिंसा के प्रथम अन्वेषक (Pioneer) रहे, उनके जनम दिवस पर प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी के सर्कार किसानों पर आक्रमण किए जो सबसे बड़ी दुर्भाग्य है, देश के लिए ही नहीं बल्कि पूरे राजनति के लिए अपमानित है |

जो उद्योगपति पूरे देश कि तिजोरी साफ़ करके विदेश में मज़े से घूम रहे हैं, उन्हें भारत लाकर उन पर कार्रवाई करने कि राजनीती के पक्ष और विपक्षों को कोई उत्सुकता नहीं हैं | शांतिपूर्वक रैली किए किसानों पर हिंसा जताने में कोई कसर नहीं छोड़े | यही हाल है भारत के गणतंत्र और लोकतंत्र का जहाँ गरीब किसान, मज़दूर, समाज में दबे हुऐ आबादी को उनकी आवाज़ पहुँचाने केलिए सड़क पर उतरना पड़ता है | उसके बाद उनके साथ हिंसक ज़रिये उनहैं बिखेरा जाता है | यह कहकर कि वे क़ानून और नियम तोड़े जो हर शांति अहिंसा आंदोलन के बारे में कहा जाता है | जो भी हिंसा तत्त्व शामिल होते हैं ऐसे रैली में, उनके पीछे राजनीती का हाथ होता है और आरोप लगाते हैं अहिंसक भाग लेनेवालों के ऊपर ताकि आम जनता संचार के धारणा से परे रहें |

रहा सवाल मज़दूरों का, उनकी भी हालत किसानों जैसे है | उनके न्यूनतम मजदूरी (Minimum Wage) को महंगाई के हिसाब से बढ़ाना चाहिये ताकि यह समुदाय जो भारी संख्या में है वे अपना गुज़ारा कर सके | उसके अलावा मज़दूर और उनके परिवार को मुफ्त चिकित्सा यानी इलाज दिलाना सरकार का कर्त्तव्य है क्योंकि श्रमिक इकॉनमी के पहिये होते हैं जिनके बगैर कई कारोबार चल नहीं सकते | अर्थव्यवस्था के हर एक क्षेत्र में मज़दूर चक्र बनकर उस व्यापार को उठकर चलने पर सहयोग देते हैं | ऐसे होने के नाते मज़दूरों कि आम और मुख्य सुविधाएँ उन्हें प्राप्त होनी चाहिये | सरकार का फ़र्ज़ बनता है कि वे उद्योगपतियों पर भी यह लागू करें कि मज़दूर और उनके परिवार को मेडिकल और अस्पताल जैसे ज़रूरतें पूरी करें | मज़दूर के बच्चों को भी मुफ्त शिक्षा मिले ताकि वे इकॉनमी में उत्पादक कार्य बल बन सके |

मुझे यह भी ज्ञात है कि यह सुझाव को लेकर, राजनीति और समाज के कुछ सदस्य मुझ पर कम्युनिस्ट का नाम देंगे | समझने वाली बात यह है कि, जब राजनीति उद्योगपति और मनोरंजन क्षेत्र से जुड़े जितने भी व्यक्ति हैं जो अपने हिस्से का टैक्स नहीं भरते, काला धन बटोरकर विदेशों में बेनामी खाते में जमा किए हुऐ हैं जो सरकार को अच्छी तरह पता है | उसके बाद भी उनके प्रति कोई कदम नहीं उठाते हैं | इसलिए राजनीती में केवल तीन वर्ग अपने आप को क़ानून और नियम से ऊपर मानते हैं | वो है – राजनीति, उद्योगपति और सेलिब्रिटी यानि सिनेमा के अभिनेता, अभिनेत्री और खेल खिलाडी जैसे क्रिकेट वगैरा के मशहूर लोग जिन्हें कर चोरी से लेकर ग़बन (embezzlement)यहाँ तक खून भी माफ़ है देश में, जिससे लोकतंत्र एक मज़ाक बना हुआ है | जो देश कि नुक्सान करते हैं, बैंकों से करोड़ों रुपैया लेकर नौ दो ग्यारह हो जाते हैं, गैर कानूनी व्यापार उनका महत्व धन इकट्ठा करने का माध्यम होता है उन्हें खुली स्वतंत्र है कुछ भी करने कि और देश को बर्बाद करने कि मगर, आम नागरिक के मूल्य आवश्यकताएं उनकेलिये परेशानी बन जाती है |

इस रव्वैये को बदलना होगा | राजनीती समाज में भेद भाव करके साधारण लोगों के बीच दरार पैदा करते हैं जिससे वो चुनाव में फायदा उठा सकें | इनका निशाना चूत अछूत, दलित ब्राह्मण, हिन्दू मुस्लिम, आदमी औरत, अमीर गरीब करके देश कि आबादी को बटवारा करते हैं | यह नीति इन्होने फिरंगियों के आदेश निभाने के लिए निर्मित किए हैं |

आखरी में मैं यह कहना चाहती हूँ कि भारत के केंद्रीय और राज्य सरकार सभी सत्ता के मोह में अंग्रेज़ों को पीछे छोड़ दिए, जब उन्हें पीड़ित जनता को उत्तर देने की बारी आती है | मतलब लाठी, बन्दूक और बुरी तरह से घायल करने वाली स्नाइपर यानी निशानची का प्रयोग करके लोगों की मृत्यु के कारण भी बनते हैं | ऐसे करतूतों से वे स्वयं देश के दुश्मन बन जाते हैं | जब इस पर आलोचना किए जाने पर उनके कई परोक्षी (proxy), प्रतिपत्र और प्रतिनिधि द्वारा वार करते हैं प्रश्नों को टालने के लिए और सच को झुटलाने के लिए कई युद्ध-नीति (tactics) अपनाते हैं |

इस गंभीर परिस्थिति को सुलझाने के लिए सरकार और सभी पक्ष एवं विपक्ष को सुधरना बहुत ज़रूरी है | अगर उन्हें अपने मार्ग और हानिकारक विचार को छोड़ने की इच्छा नहीं और इसी प्रकार देश के प्रचंड बहुमत के साथ अन्याय करेंगे तो देशवासियों को नया राजनीतिक दल आयोजित करना होगा जो इस राजनीती के वातावरण पर
सकारात्मक परिवर्तन ला सके |

किसान जो निश्चित रूप से देश के अन्नदाता हैं और मज़दूर अर्थव्यवस्था के आधार हैं उनपर हो रहे हत्याचार को रोकना प्रत्येक नागरिक का कर्त्तव्य और धर्म है | जब भी किसी के साथ अनीति हो वो व्यवहार विष की तरह औरों पर फैलने में देर नहीं लगता | इसलिए भारत वासियों को सरकार के अप्राजातंत्रवादी (undemocratic) तरीकों को अहिंसक पूर्वक निंदा करनी चाहिये | अन्याय करने वाले से ज़्यादा अन्याय सहने वाले और उससे भी बढ़कर अन्याय होते हो उसे देखि अनदेखा करने वाले पाप और अपराध के सब बड़े भाग्यदार होते हैं |

मेरी आशा है की किसान, मज़दूर और देश के जितने भी लोग – मध्य और गरीब वर्ग जो देश के बिगड़ते हुऐ स्थिति से चिंतित हैं, उन्हें अपनी सारी कठिनता से समाधान मिले ताकि वे भारत की स्वतंत्र को पुनर्जीवित कर सके |

भारत के व्यथित आबादी को मेरी शुभ कामनाएं!

जय भारत!


पद्मिनी अर्हन्त
लेखिका एवं प्रस्तुतकर्ता पद्मिनीअर्हन्त.कॉम



United States – Affordable Care Act (ACA) aka Obamacare

United States – Affordable Care Act (ACA) aka Obamacare

Padmini Arhant

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) aka Obamacare has been discussed in detail on this site. Please refer to posts related to this topic.

The recap on ACA – The mandatory insurance tied to penalty proved extremely profitable to insurance industry with no obligation on insurance providers in skimming premiums or expanding coverage.  On the contrary, the insurance offered today under ACA has high deductibles on treatment for various health conditions not necessarily pre-existing and some procedures required to treat certain health issues are not covered regardless of the health plan available in the market place.

Not surprisingly, those against amending the health care law i.e. Obamacare are not in touch with reality and pledged to establishment rules and symbolic trends at vast majority expense.

The mandatory subscription enforced in the existing Obamacare is unethical and undemocratic especially in the absence of commitments from insurance industry to meet their end of the bargain.

The compulsory insurance subscription enforced via Obamacare is rejected by many citizens opting to pay the unconstitutional and illegal penalty rather than enriching the industry barely offering coverage to subscribers on variety of health problems experienced by them.

When industries in the economic sector and politics join forces for vested interests exploiting ordinary citizens, the market economy sustainability is challenged woefully affecting businesses aimed at mega profitability beyond affordability.

The consumer force determines business success or failure and industry survival. In resistance to any modifications and fair adjustments of Obamacare at congressional level due to political partisanship, the industry is ultimately taken up to tasks to comply with standards and maintain reliability barring policies set to protect major shareholders and top 1% windfall guaranteed in Obamacare.

Average citizens do not have the luxury as the privileged class to squander hard earned savings without any value in return.

Health is critical and taxpayers tax dollars expended wisely in universal health care with comprehensive plan could not be a tall order for an industrialized nation allocating disproportionate spending on military and nuclear weapons as well as foreign aid to affluent allies while leaving citizens entirely at health care merchants and insurers mercy with legislations overwhelmingly favoring campaign financiers from the industry.

The unique position among lawmakers to defend industries agenda neglect constituents plight allowing major companies in the health care industry to evade responsibility on rising costs and declining health package.

In terms of lawmakers in the U.S. Senate vote to rectify anomalies in Obamacare, the reasons from them do not reconcile with their trajectory. The Senator posing with terror factions responsible for terrorizing and killing thousands of innocent children, women and men in Syria having reservations on Obamacare amendment reflect personal issues with incumbent administration rather than genuine concern for the people affected under current health care law.

Unfortunately, prioritizing individual gains at public loss is the convention in politics fostering waywardness in the extraordinary conditions imposed on citizens in the hyped health care reform short on benefits and delivery making Affordable Care Act / Obamacare anything but affordable.

Anything in ACA defense only project the content of law missing in practicality that in itself invalidate the legislation not binding on all sides to be meaningful and effective.

Health care for all in the appropriate disbursement of tax funds in caring for the sick, elderly and healthy of any age is significant to qualify for advanced nation status.

Peace to all!

Thank you.

Padmini Arhant

Author & Presenter PadminiArhant.com

Spouse in Divine Mission














Humanitarian Issues

India – Unconditional Release of Human Rights Activists

India – Unconditional Release of

Human Rights Activists

Padmini Arhant

The latest development on human rights activists’ extension on house arrest pending Supreme Court hearing on September 12th, 2018 is suo motu in the backdrop of absence of credible evidence against all of them compared to the other two members Hindutva leaders Milind Ekbote and Manohar ‘Sambhaji’ Bhide, associated with BJP government accused of instigating the Bhima-Koregaon violence and accordingly FIR filed against them.

The contrasting treatment highlights the misappropriation of judicial process detaining the former in house arrest while exempting the latter from any inquiry.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi headed BJP government in Delhi directing the Supreme Court is evident as claimed in another controversial national issue on Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, where the Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath representing the BJP government in Delhi asserted BJP’s unilateral influence on Indian Supreme Court over all matter.

Upon reviewing the facts on the arrests of five human rights activists and government concerted crackdown on dissent violently pursuing journalists, civil rights activists, writers, poets and intellectuals in society targeted for voicing concerns on the plight of marginalized, disenfranchised and isolated segments as well as women and minorities in India, the government action clearly is a blatant violation of constitution that guarantees all citizens in the Republic of Indiathe inalienable right to express views and opinion on any issues including disagreement on any government policies and programs or the lack thereof affecting citizenry.

Since these five human rights activists have been unlawfully held on unsubstantiated charges, the government and judiciary combined could no longer prolong the case that is arguably politically motivated to set precedence in curbing democratic rights nationwide. The overcast leads to prejudice besides failing to meet the legal requirement on judgment against the accused in the satisfaction of beyond reasonable doubt for conviction.

Under these circumstances, the state infringement on civil rights of the human rights activists denying them constitution granted freedom of expression in public or private sessions is a serious contravention deserving civil debate and legislation to prevent misuse of authority at any level. Those who were engaged in this instance against the human rights activists are to be investigated and held accountable to set the procedure for future reference. The judicial reform in Parliament is equally pertinent to allow the legal course to function flawlessly expediting hearings and decisions across the board beginning with law enforcement action on citizens complaints to court proceedings without state intervention in obstruction of justice.

The five human rights activists – Varavara Rao, Vernon Gonzalves, Arun Ferreira, Sudha Bharadwaj and Gautam Navlakha are to be released unconditionally effective immediately and all allegations against them discharged restoring their dignity and sanctity of Indian democracy that would otherwise be reflected under siege.

Padmini Arhant

Author & Presenter PadminiArhant.com






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